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Prospect Park Neighborhood

Prospect Park Neighborhood

Prospect Park is a historic neighborhood within the University community of the U.S. city of Minneapolis, Minnesota. The area is bounded by the Mississippi River to the south, the City of Saint Paul, Minnesota to the east, the Burlington Northern railroad yard to the north, and the Stadium Village commercial district of the University of Minnesota to the west. The neighborhood is composed of several districts which include the East River Road area. The 1913 Prospect Park Water Tower is a landmark and neighborhood icon.

An urban village once served by streetcar, Prospect Park is now a combination of multiple districts and uses. People live in single-family homes on Tower Hill, as well as apartment housing in the western districts. Estate homes of the early to mid 20th century line East River Road. The SouthEast Industrial Area (SEMI) in the north contains light manufacturing, rail yards and remnant grain silos. University Avenue houses a mix of retail and restaurant businesses from the Stadium Village area.

The entire 138-acre (56 ha) core of the neighborhood was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2015 as the Prospect Park Residential Historic District for its significance in the theme of social history. It was nominated for its cohesive community spirit, developed—despite the neighborhood’s hilly terrain and diverse housing stock—through such innovations as Minneapolis’s first community association.

History
In 1874 real estate tycoon Louis F. Menage began plotting new subdivisions along Minneapolis’s southern boundaries. Menage petitioned the City Council to accept his Prospect Park plats in 1884. Construction lasted into the 1910s as topography and geographic isolation made building difficult. Houses were designed in the popular architectural styles of the period, especially the Queen Anne and the Colonial Revival styles. The Minneapolis Board of Education constructed the Sidney Pratt Elementary School in 1898.

Thomas Lowry’s interurban commuter train served the neighborhood with its stop at Malcolm Avenue until eventually the intercity line between Saint Paul and Minneapolis along University Avenue was opened. The Franklin Avenue Bridge also eventually carried a line.

Tower Hill
Tower Hill (established 1906), which is the site of the Prospect Park Water Tower, is often cited as the city’s highest point and a placard denotes the highest elevation at 951 feet (289.86 m), but a spot at 974 feet (296.88 m) in or near Deming Heights Park in Northeast Minneapolis is corroborated by Google Earth as the highest ground. The Tower, designed by Frederick William Cappelen, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Government
Prospect Park is entirely within Minneapolis’s Ward 2, currently represented by Cam Gordon on the Minneapolis City Council. The neighborhood association, PPERRIA, founded in 1901, is the oldest neighborhood association in the city of Minneapolis.

Arts and Culture
The neighborhood has an annual “Ice Cream Social,” a get-together for the neighborhood with food, music and other entertainment. It is the one time of year when the interior of the Prospect Park Water Tower is opened to the public, allowing for a panoramic view of Minneapolis from the top.

Near the south end of the neighborhood on Bedford Street is the Malcolm Willey House, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and named after a University administrator. The historic significance of the house played a large part in preventing its destruction when Interstate 94 was built in the 1950s. The current goal of the neighborhood is to establish an “urban-village” feel — that is, a somewhat self-contained feel in the context of a larger city. Prospect Park also has a few surviving houses from the 19th century.

The neighborhood is home to two community centers, Pratt Elementary School and Luxton Park.

About the Prospect Park Neighborhood
The Minneapolis enclave known as Prospect Park sits at the crossroads of the state’s two largest cities, a legendary river and a world-class university. At just over 1-1/4 square miles (323.25 hectares) in size, the area’s twisting streets and historic landmarks, mix of urban and natural amenities, and tapestry of residential, commercial and industrial development make it distinct in the Twin Cities Metro.

Indeed, Prospect Park lies at the Metro’s exact geographic center: situated between the University of Minnesota to the west, St. Paul to the east, SE 4th Street to the north and the Mississippi River to the south. The neighborhood is part of a district called Southeast Minneapolis, being on the south part of the east side of the river—a somewhat misleading designation that is nonetheless attached to all Prospect Park addresses.

The neighborhood is bordered by: Como Neighborhood, Marcy-Holmes Neighborhood, Seward Neighborhood, Union Park Neighborhood (District 13) in St. Paul, and South St. Anthony Neighborhood (District 12) in St. Paul.

Prospect Park was founded by Louis Menage in 1885. After a 20-year effort culminating in 2015, the neighborhood succeeded in achieving Historic District status for most of Prospect Park Neighborhood to protect it from the pressures of modern development.

References:

“Prospect Park, Minneapolis” │ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prospect_Park,_Minneapolis

“About the Prospect Park Neighborhood” │ https://prospectparkmpls.org/neighborhood/index.html

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