National Watermelon Day
Did you know that watermelon is 92% water? No wonder it’s so refreshing! People have been digging into this tasty, juicy fruit for millennia and it all started in Ancient Egypt. It’s said that watermelon cultivation began in the Nile Valley as early as the second millennium B.C. Watermelon seeds were even found in King Tut’s tomb! On August 3, we celebrate this ancient berry in a feast of juicy deliciousness—otherwise known as National Watermelon Day.
HISTORY OF NATIONAL WATERMELON DAY
The juicy, refreshing watermelon deserves its own day, that’s why we celebrate National Watermelon Day. Cultivation of this fruit dates back to 2000 B.C., with the first watermelon harvest on record occurring approximately 5,000 years ago in Egypt. Traces of watermelon and its seeds have been discovered on sites of the 12th Egyptian Dynasty, including in the tomb of King Tutankhamen. Paintings of different types of watermelon have also been found in ancient Egyptian inscriptions.
The sweet fruit we enjoy today is the result of mutations over the course of a thousand years of cultivation. Watermelon seeds were sold to traders passing through the trade routes in the Kalahari Desert in Africa. From there, the cultivation of the watermelon spread across Africa. The origin of the progenitor of the watermelon was in Africa, after which it spread into Mediterranean countries and other parts of Europe. By the end of the ninth century, watermelon cultivation became common in China and the rest of Asia.
According to “The Dictionary of American Food and Drink” by John Mariani, the word ‘watermelon’ first appeared in the English dictionary in 1615. The watermelon is commonly known as a type of melon, but it is not in the genus Cucumis. The outer rind of a watermelon is dark green with yellow stripes or spots. Over 300 varieties of watermelon are available in the U.S., ranging from red to white, and come in different shapes and sizes.
5 FRUITY FACTS ABOUT WATERMELON
1.You can eat the entire watermelon
Watermelon rinds are mostly discarded, but they are actually edible and full of nutrients with great health benefits.
2.Watermelons come in many varieties
In fact, there are 1200 different watermelon varieties but the four main classifications are seeded, seedless, yellow, and icebox.
3.Watermelons can grow to be huge!
The Guinness World Record for the heaviest watermelon ever was grown by Tennessee-based Chris Kent in 2013 and it weighed 350.5 pounds.
4.Watermelons can prevent cancer
Watermelons are a great source of the antioxidant lycopene, which has been proven to reduce the risk of some types of cancers like lung-, stomach-, and prostate cancer.
5.Watermelons are grown in different shapes in Japan
Farmers in Japan have been growing watermelons in the shape of cubes for 40 years now, achieved by cultivating them in square-shaped boxes — watermelons in the shape of pyramids, hearts, and human faces have also recently been perfected and sold as novelty products.
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